Tuesday, June 11, 2013

POMEGRANATE: THE FRUIT OF LIFE


If you have never eaten a pomegranate, you don't know what you're missing!The pomegranate, Punica granatum L.,is a fruit tree already well-known by ancient civilizations lauded because of its medical properties for a wide range of ailments. Pomegranates are usually earmarked for arils fresh consumption, juice, jam, dried arils and also for developing nutraceutical ingredients such as seed oil and polyphenols extracts. From a nutritional point of view, edible part of pomegranate, either arils or their juice contains mainly high sugar content, dietary fibers( including pectin) and variable quantities of organic acids. In addition, pomegranate has been reported as an interesting source of potassium besides that is rich in some essential vitamins as folate and vitamin K .Nonetheless, the most important added value of pomegranate is its large content in phenolic compounds, which are present in the edible part as well as in the rest of the fruit and in fact, is precisely in the husk where they are found in higher concentration. Phenolic compounds are plant secondary metabolites commonly found in vegetables and fruits.
Pomegranate and oxidative stress.
Pomegranate has its high effect in lowering oxidative stress. Oxidative stress   reflects an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive oxygen species and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or to repair the resulting damage. Pomegranate polyphenols have been suggested like antioxidant compounds and it has been confirmed on biological system. Research in animals and humans has demonstrated pomegranate derivatives increase plasma antioxidant capacity and decrease oxidative stress. Pomegranate  fresh juice consumption increased serum antioxidant status as well as it modified other specific antioxidant biomarkers. Pomegranate juice may contain close to three times the antioxidants as green tea or red wine. Antioxidants fight against free radicals -- unstable molecules that can damage DNA and cell membranes. This cellular damage has been linked to all kinds of diseases including cancer.
Pomegranate and cardiovascular diseases.
Pomegranate intake has shown a high potential in the management of cardiovascular diseases(CVD). This is  based on a research done by researches of the University of California. Pomegranate phenolics have demonstrated their ability to protect blood vessels of inflammation. Both pomegranate juice and pomegranate fruit extract have demonstrated to be able to decrease vascular inflammation markers, thrombopodin-1 and cytokine transforming growth factor beta-1. Cardiovascular health benefits of pomegranate have not been limited to atherosclerosis. Pomegranate juice has also shown cardioprotective effects on coronary diseases.
Pomegranate and cancer.
Prevention of cancer is part from the increasing efforts to reduce cancer burden. One of these preventive strategies is through the diet, increasing the consumption of foods rich in chemoprotective compounds. Pomegranate , due to its phytochemical composition, has demonstrated to possess potential effects on multiple cancer such as colon, prostate and breast, using cell lines and animal models assays. Antioxidant pomegranate juice and its constituents have been broadly studied for their antiproliferative and apoptotic activities in human cell cultures of cancer.
Pomegranate and neurological disorders.
Dietary interventions have demonstrated that consumption of anthocyanins-rich both food or extracts may exert beneficial properties in neurological functions by retarding age related declines, preventing behavioral deficits in Alzheimer’s disease and improving spatial learning. Likewise, anthocyanins supplementation has shown diminishing oxidative modifications of proteins and lipids in the brain, as well as dopamine neurotransmitter abnormalities caused by emotional stress. Moreover, equal to pomegranate juice, dietary supplementation with foods rich in anthocyanins provides neuroprotection in animal models of ischemia.
Pomegranate and antimicrobial effects.
Pomegranate extracts have displayed antagonist effects against all type of microorganisms causing urinary tract infections. On the other hand, pomegranate sun-dried rind is employed in some regions of India as an anti-malaria herbal preparation. The role of tannins-rich pomegranate rind methanolic extract on the treatment of cerebral malaria, a complication of the infection by Plasmodium falciparum, has been studied. Positive results were attributed to the anti-parasitic activity and the inhibition of pro-inflammatory mechanisms involved in the onset of malaria.
Pomegranate and other diseases.
Consumption of pomegranate derivatives has been related to possess anti-inflammatory activity and has been tested in various animal models. Pomegranate polyphenols extract strongly delayed the initiation, reduced the morbidity and lowered the severity of collagen-induced arthritis. Pomegranate derivatives also present considerable prospects as cosmeceutical because of their protective effects on UVB-induced damage. Two different trials have been carried out with similar results, pointing out the inhibition of increase and activity of matrix metalloproteinases in both human reconstituted skin and human skin fibroblasts.
A plethora of pharmacological and therapeutic features have been associated to pomegranate fruit. Pomegranate fruit derivatives contain a very different range of phenolics among other bioactive phytochemicals that may be implicated in protective effects, being possible that these health promotion properties are generated from the influence of multiple constituents. Hence, it seems logical to take into consideration the consumption of a complete and balanced pomegranate-derived product.
 

Wednesday, February 17, 2010

fun!!

after 3 months....only now i'm meeting my school mates....it was soo much fun.....one of my friends drove all of us to sunway pyramid,i thought it would be another boring outing but this time it was fun.....once we arrived there and luckily found a parking spot...we went straight to the cinema....we thought the crowd would be lesser but it turned out to be the opposite......waiting in line was not that tiring because we were practically thinking what movie to watch......once we arrived the counter,instead of buying tickets for the movie,we ended up buying tickets for one of my friends family and it was a chinese movie....i didin't really bother eventhough it was not worth the wait....so,after that.....we headed to the karaoke centre(red box).....i thought it will be the same thing i have at home but i was quite impressed.....the seats were comfortable and food along with drinks were served....songs selection was good but some of the songs did not come along with the words......nevermind,most of the songs were fun!!!....later...after karaoke,we thought of going bowling but the price was not that reasonable......just for one game each person had to pay RM 11.00.....not worth it.....sooo,we went back to the cinema again and this time we bought tickets to watch WOLFMAN....and guess what!!!...my family were there at the cinema,thinking of buying tickets so i bought for them the tickets instead to save their time.....the movie was not soo bad.....after nearly 2 hours watching that "i know what is going to happen in the end" movie....we drove back to our place to hang out with our other friends.....we had dinner at a nice place with delicious food and finally after chatting and snapping pictures...we came back......it was soo much fun!!!!

Friday, February 5, 2010

what a day!!!

the whole day i was out with my friends......soo much fun....watched sherlock holmes and went for bowling.....eventhough we are not experts but we still managed to hit a few pins....hahaha....getting the bus was another joke.....instead taking the bus that leads us to our destination nearer we took the bus that stopped i mile from our house.......we had no choice but to walk all the way to our house.....anyways,that was part of our anventure.....the bus was packed!!! and i mean it......we were like sardines stuffed in a can.....and it was a mini bus...worse!!!so i guess that made us fill like huge fat sardines stuffed in a small tiny can.......omg,anyone who lets out "gas".......u can imagine how the situation will be like......so,i saw no one sitting at the back...i went behind and saw the bench removed...it was on the floor,so i thought that if we put the bench back maybe it will not feel so stuffy after all...and i did it.....and all of us could sit.....PHEW!!! the journey was long and getting a place to sit was just plain LUCKY!!

Monday, February 1, 2010

i don't understand

sometimes i have this urge to do something evil.......i don't know why but everytime i do something goodfor example make others happy....in return, i don't get the feeling that i'm appreciated.....i chat with people online and sometimes i do crack jokes to make the conversation a little bit more lively.....they like it and i get quite a response......the relationship i have among my friends becomes tighter but later at one point when the skies are dark and everything is soo gloomy....hahaha...that is me exaggerating....and when i don't respond to something in a funny manner....they seem to think i'm grumpy and moody.....some of them tend to get all sensitive and there are a few people who eventually don't talk to me for few days......every day is not a happy for anyone....there will be a day when things don't go the way u want it to be.....and at that time you will not feel good about it and you will find it hard to give a good response to any situation....so sometimes people must understand that life isn't all fun and happy always but we must try to make ourselves happy eventhough we are not........

Sunday, January 31, 2010

grammys.............

not the best grammys i've seen.......performance was normal....as usual....singing and dancing and thanking people and etc.....taylor swift won for best album...what!!!....of all the people.....she is good and all but i think her idea of putting her life stories in her songs can get a little creepy.....guys out there dating her..beware!!...hahahah......i didin't see kanye west there....i guess he was locked up in a cage somewhere.....but sometimes.....whatever he says is actually true.....hmmm,something tells me that they know he will come up stage again and say stuff about taylor thats why he isn't there....i don't really know and i don't care.....anyways...atleast beyonce won an award but pity lady gaga...after all the makeup and weird dressing.....she didin't win anything but at least she was nominated.....

luck luck luck.........

force myself to wake up early......first day of exams......had only three hours of sleep....draggggggged myself out of bed and the next thing i noticed......the bathroom light was not functioning........what a nice thing to happen at 6 o'clock in the morning when everything is still dark......went around the house searching for a misreable candle....finally found a short one at the back of the kitchen drawer......thank god!!!i manage to find a lighter and with my stinky morning breath......i went to the bathroom...barely able to see with one candle at the corner above the toilet....praying that the light will not extinguish....once i got ready to leave...my dad tells me that he has to go to the toilet for an 'EMERGENCY"......i had a horrible feeling that i would be late for my first paper....and it was the subject i barely speak fluently.....BAHASA MELAYU......the first paper required me to write two essays......hahaha....guess what......3 minutes before the assembly bell rang,i'm already infront of the gate....phew!!!
oklah....exam started......i was staring at the paper for 10 minutes.....thinking how to start my essay....when i'm just about to start.....my dear pen gives me a problem....i'm so angry that if you give me a chance to scream.....i will scare some of the teachers in the hall who are practically pretending to read something but are actually sleeping.....i dig my pencil case hoping to find a pen to write!!!.....and i eventually find a misreable looking one that i found near the drain two months ago in my pencil case......two hours later.......i manage to finish my essay about "KEBAIKAN BERSIKAP TOLERANSI".......after exam ended.....i was waiting for my dad to pick me up.....and it was not a 20 minute wait bt 3 hours!!!.....hungry and tired.....i could swallow a huge cow now....finally!!.....my dad is here....he told me the car could not start.....once i stepped into heaven which is my house.....guess what......there was no electricity.....aiyoh!!!.....of all the days......i head to the kitchen to find myself something to eat and i saw one slice of bread hiding at the back of the fridge.....try to heat it but i can't......so i could not wait any longer.....my tummy was playing all kinds of music...from jazz to i don't know what......i had to eat that cold hard bread......3 hous later......there is electric......i had to get ready for tuition and as i was about to leave....i get a call from the tuition centre saying that the teacher is not feeling well and class in postponed......YIPPY!!!.......now i can sleep early and hope everything is fine the next day